FXUS61 KOKX 091455

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service New York NY
955 AM EST Sat Dec 9 2023

High pressure over the western Atlantic will continue to gradually
move eastward, while a strengthening frontal system over the mid
section of the country tracks east. A strong cold frontal passage
will occur late Sunday night into Monday morning, with low pressure
deepening along it as it tracks into Canada on Monday. A broad area
of high pressure then builds in through the rest of next week.


Have adjusted the cloud cover forecast over the next few hours,
particularly over eastern sections, with this update as it
remains mostly/partly sunny this morning before increasing
clouds. Also added in patchy fog over Westchester, Putnam,
Northern Fairfield and Northern Middlesex Counties for the next
hour or two based on obs and trends. Slight temperature/dewpoint
adjustments were made as well.

Otherwise, we are looking at a fairly quiet weather day, with
dry conditions. Southerly winds today will result in some warm
air advection. This will allow temperatures to warm into the 50s
across the entire region. While there may be some sun in the
morning, clouds will gradually increase through the day as an
upper level trough approaches from the west. Can not rule out
breaks of sun throughout the day. If more sun occurs than
forecast, temperatures may need to be adjusted upwards.

For Saturday night, upper level ridging moves east with troughing to
the west moving into the region. Clouds will continue to lower and
thicken. With abundant low level moisture, will once again include
patchy fog in the forecast. The fog may be more widespread than
Friday night. Most of the night will be dry, however will have some
slight chance/chance POPs enter the CWA from the west very late
tonight. Anything that falls before sunrise will be light. A warmer
night is expected tonight with warm air advection continuing. Lows
tonight will remain in the 40s for much of the CWA. The only
exception will be across Orange county where temperatures may fall
into the middle to upper 30s.


A significant storm system is expected to impact the forecast area
during the short term period. For now, No changes to the current
forecast headlines.

A flood watch remains in effect for all but the Twin Forks of LI. A
high wind watch remains in effect for all of LI, along with Brooklyn
and Queens. Both watches start at 4 pm Sun.

A deepening upper level trough and strong cold front will approach
the region on Sunday. There will be lots of moisture with this
system as the upper trough digs deep into the south, tapping into
the moisture over the Gulf of Mexico. Winds will gradually increase
on Sunday as this system starts to run into the high over the
Atlantic as the pressure gradient increases.  Also, an area of low
pressure is expected to develop along the front on Saturday and
travel northward along the front as if moves from the middle
Atlantic into New England. Most of the rain on Sunday will generally
be light to moderate, however by late Sunday afternoon and evening,
the rainfall will increase in coverage and intensity. Periods of
moderate to locally heavy rainfall will continue through much of
Sunday night for the entire region as the front moves across the
area. Will continue to mention the slight chance of thunder with the
frontal passage as well. Overall, rainfall amounts will range
between 2-3 inches across the entire region, with locally higher
amounts possible. Forecast guidance showing a good chance that the
highest rainfall totals could end up in CT as the front does slow
down a bit as the front exits the region, as the upper trough starts
to become negatively tilted.

Also, a rather windy period is expected with the front. A strong low
level jet is forecast to move over the eastern sections of the CWA.
Both the NAM and GFS shows the jet really intensifying after 06z
east of NYC. As a result a high wind watch will remain in effect.
The GFS is showing 925mb winds around 70kt. Forecast will continue
to call for 40-50mph gusts early Monday morning across Long Island,
Brooklyn and Queens.

The front moves east of the region on Monday. As the front moves
east winds will quickly shift around the NW with a shot of colder
air working into the region. Can not rule out some parts of orange
county seeing some snowflakes as the precip comes to an end.
Right now, little to no accumulations are expected.

Dry weather is expected for Monday night as high pressure starts to
build back into the region. It will remain gusty as the gradient
remains tight between the departing low and arriving high.

Highs on Sunday will be in the upper 50s and lower 60s, with highs
on Monday in the 40s for much of the region.


No significant changes for the long term period and stuck largely to
the NBM.

A large, strong high pressure system sets itself up over the East
Coast by Tuesday morning under fairly zonal mid-level flow. This
high pressure system becomes reinforced by an approaching mid-level
ridge moving in from the west through the middle of the week. This
high pressure will keep conditions dry through the week. Despite dry
conditions for the area, conditions may be a bit breezy as
disturbances pass by to the north. This will allow for a tight
pressure gradient with generally W to NW winds through the week.

While global models disagree on the details of the next system, all
are consistent in developing a low pressure system somewhere in the
vicinity of the East Coast next weekend.

The W/NW winds through the period will allow for temperatures to be
at or just below normal for this time of the year with highs
generally in the low to middle 40s through the middle of the week
with a subtle warm up to the upper 40s by the end of the


High pressure offshore will continue to slowly track away from the
area today and tonight, while a strengthening frontal system over
the mid section of the country tracks east during the course of the

MVFR along with brief pockets of IFR through late this morning,
mainly for western most terminals (KTEB, KEWR, KSWF, KHPN). KLGA
will be right on the edge of VFR and MVFR / IFR conditions for a
couple of more hours. Mainly VFR conditions further east (including
KJFK), with all terminals forecast to be VFR by 17-18z. Then by late
tonight MVFR/IFR conditions are expected to return for most
terminals with the approach of the frontal system. SHRA possible as
early as 10Z Sunday but a higher chance towards 15Z Sunday.

Light flow mainly out of the east and southeast for today, then more
south during the evening with wind speeds below 10 kt. The light
southerly flow will begin to gradually increase toward daybreak
Sunday, especially at the coastal terminals.

 ...NY Metro(KEWR/KLGA/KJFK/KTEB) TAF Uncertainty...

Improvement to from MVFR and IFR may be off by 1-3 hrs at some
terminals with uncertainty being high.

Light winds this morning will vary significantly at times in


Sunday: MVFR or lower in developing showers from west to east
through the day. S winds 15-20 kt with gusts 25-30 kt in the

Sunday Night: IFR in rain, possibly heavy at times. Isolated
thunderstorms possible. S winds 20-30 kt with gusts 25-45 kt,
strongest near the coast. A few gusts up to 55 kt possible near
the coast. Chance of LLWS.

Monday: MVFR or lower early in showers, then VFR. W-WNW winds 15-20
kt with gusts 25-35 kt.

Tuesday: VFR. SW gusts 15-20 kt in the afternoon.

Wednesday: VFR. W gusts 15-20 kt in the afternoon.

Detailed information, including hourly TAF wind component forecasts,
can be found at: https:/www.weather.gov/zny/n90


Conditions are expected to remain below SCA criteria from tonight
through Saturday night as a weak pressure gradient remains in place.
Strong southerly winds develop Sunday into Sunday night. A storm
watch remains in effect for most of the waters. The exception is
portions of the Sound and Harbor, where a gale watch remains.

NW gales will remain possible on Monday as the gradient remains
tight with the departing low and arriving high to the west.

Small craft advisory conditions appear likely during the Tuesday
through Thursday timeframe, mainly on the ocean zones. Seas Tuesday
remain elevated and don`t look to drop below 5 feet until early
Thursday morning. Additionally, breezy W/NW winds will result in
gusts 25-30kt on the ocean and possibly the sheltered waters Tuesday
through early Thursday.


There are no hydrologic concerns through Saturday night.

Between 2 and 3 inches of rain is likely Sun into Monday morning.
Locally higher amounts in excess of 3 inches are possible.
Adjustments to the fcst are possible based on changes in the overall
track, timing, and intensity of the system. A flood watch remains in
effect for all by the Twin Forks. Widespread urban and poor drainage
flooding is likely, with some areas of more significant flooding
possible, including the flooding of some rivers and streams.


A strong cold front will bring increasing southerly flow late
Sunday into Sunday night. The system brings potential for minor
coastal flooding with the Monday morning high tide cycle.
However, the strongest southerly flow is most likely to occur
between high tide cycles. Winds will quickly shift to the west
early Monday morning, which will help keep water levels down
during times of high tide.

Surge guidance has come to more of a consensus that much of the area
should remain below minor flooding thresholds, but any changes in
the forecast timing of the developing low may result in
significant changes to the coastal flooding forecast.


CT...Flood Watch from Sunday afternoon through late Sunday night
     for CTZ005>012.
NY...Flood Watch from Sunday afternoon through late Sunday night
     for NYZ067>075-078-080-176>179.
     High Wind Watch from Sunday afternoon through late Sunday
     night for NYZ075-078>081-176>179.
NJ...Flood Watch from Sunday afternoon through late Sunday night
     for NJZ002-004-006-103>108.
MARINE...Gale Watch from Sunday afternoon through late Sunday night for
     Storm Watch from Sunday afternoon through late Sunday night
     for ANZ332-340-345-350-353-355.




NWS OKX Office Area Forecast Discussion